Six Essential Best Practices for Data Security

Data security safeguards physical and digital information from unauthorised access and destruction. It is a crucial requirement for every business as it ensures confidentiality, integrity and accessibility of personal data to authorized users. It also helps safeguard against the loss or theft of important information in the event of cyber-attacks. A good data security program is a combination of tools to ensure six fundamental best practices:

Authentication is a must in any data security strategy. No matter if your data is either in transit or at rest you must ensure that only authorized users have access to access it with credentials (e.g., passwords, encryption keys) or other methods of identification like multi-factor authentication (MFA) which requires users to provide more than one form of verification.

The company must be able to inventory the data it uses, and understand what data is sensitive and in a specific state, such as “at rest”, “in transit” or “in use”.

As data collection grows it becomes difficult for companies to keep track of all their sensitive information. It is essential to adhere to the principle of least privilige which states that only the information that users need for their jobs should be provided. By decreasing the number of permissions you grant, you can increase security while reducing storage and bandwidth costs. Your policy on data usage should also define the way data is used and the consequences of any violations to the policy.

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